data were collected using the Alcohol and Public Health Research
Unit's CATI (computer-assisted telephone interviewing) system. Respondents were aged 14-65 years and were randomly selected
from the Auckland telephone free-calling area.
The report is based on surveys which were undertaken
annually from 1990 through to 1999.
Interviewing took place between mid-November and
mid-December each year.
and quantity of alcohol consumption:
was first ascertained whether respondents had consumed any alcoholic
beverage in the previous 12 months.
Those who had were then asked to report on drinking in 15
standard locations plus any additional locations they used.
For each place that had been one of their drinking locations in
the previous 12 months, they were asked what they would drink on a
typical occasion at this location.
This information was then used to estimate the frequency of
drinking, the quantity consumed on a typical occasion and the annual
volume of alcohol consumed (see Appendix F for further details).
Location of Drinking
collected for different drinking locations allowed for trends in
popularity and drinking patterns in different locations to be
Frequency of drinking larger
quantities and drinking enough to feel drunk
Concern over own drinking
drinkers were also asked whether, compared with a year ago, they were
drinking more, less, or the same.
They were also asked how happy they were with their current
level of drinking compared with the level they felt was right for
from own drinking
drinkers were also asked how many times in the previous 12 months they
had experienced each of 15 consequences from their drinking which, for
convenience, will be referred to as ‘problems’.
These ranged from more minor problems such as hangovers,
influences on performance at work and arguments, to more serious
consequences such as getting into fights and motor vehicle accidents.
These data were used to produce two measures for the analyses.
The ‘types of problems’ measure – how many of the 15
problems were mentioned.
The ‘number of problems’ was the summed frequency of
reported problems across all 15 items.
from others’ drinking
persons, including abstainers, were asked how much harmful effect
other people's drinking was having on five areas of their life: home
life, friendships and social life, financial position, health and
Respondents were also asked about four specific consequences of
others’ drinking: being involved in a motor vehicle accident that
involved someone else’s drinking; being involved in some other type
of accident causing injury or major damage that involved someone
else’s drinking; being physically assaulted by someone who had been
drinking; and sexually harassed by someone who had been drinking.
about the drinking of others
respondents were asked, whether in the last 12 months, they had been
seriously concerned about the drinking of friends, relatives or
reasons for increased and decreased consumption
who said they were drinking more than the year before were read a list
of possible reasons for drinking more and asked to indicate the
reasons that applied to them.
There was a similar procedure for those drinking less.
Attitudes to alcohol
measure was included to try and get some indication of a normalisation
process in which alcohol is increasingly viewed as a normal everyday
food and drink product and less as a drug with associated problems.
Statements read ‘Beer/wine/spirits is/are a suitable drink
for most times of the day’, and it was scored on a five point
agree-disagree scale for each of the three beverages.
consumption of different beverages
each of beer, wine, spirits, and low alcohol beer, drinkers were asked
if they were drinking more, less or the same compared with a year ago.
production of alcohol
were asked about the home production of beer and spirits.
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